Although we now live in a sophisticated environment, we still have the same simple mechanism for reacting to real or imaginary changes as did our prehistoric ancestors.
For instance, in ancient times, when a wild animal started to attack, our ancestors either froze, ran away or tried to fight. We don’t usually have wild animals to deal with now, but we still react in the same way to upsets, conflicts or frustrations – il’s called:- “The Fight or Flight Syndrome.”
When our ancestors were afraid, they had bodily responses – i.e. their sympathetic nervous system galvanised them into action:- Pounding heart, Rise in blood pressure, Dry Throat and Mouth, Extra acid in the stomach, Dilation of eye pupils, Excess Perspiration, Feeling of weakness and dizziness and Trembling and shaking.
These responses helped them to fight an attacker – or flee. So, as you can see, modern man still has the same reactions to stress. The effects of stress over some time usually go through three stages:-
Alarm Reaction – stress hormones are released into the bloodstream, which affects all the glands in the body. All of which are made up of many white blood cells, and which play a critical role in the body’s immune defence systems and allergic responses (this is why people under stress seem to be ill more often).
Stage of Resistance – the body’s forces mobilise, adapt and respond in various ways to counteract the damaging effects of the first stage.
Stage of Exhaustion – this occurs after prolonged exposure to stress. Resistance becomes ineffective, resulting in physical and mental disorders.
Some of the signs that your body uses to warn you that it is undergoing too much stress are:-
General irritability. Insomnia. Depression. Stomach Upsets. Palpitations. General aches and pains. Lack of concentration. Excessive fatigue Headaches
The medical profession generally agrees that people are more prone to chronic disease if they are exposed to a lot of stress.
Most of our stress and illness have their roots in early childhood. Our experiences at that time help to determine our physical illnesses. For example, if a boy cries when he falls over and hurts himself is told “boys don’t cry” he soon learns to swallow his tears. As a grown-up, there may be many times when he feels like crying, but he is ‘conditioned’ not to cry. So a physical reaction can often replace this. When someone feels sad and close to tears, the mucous membranes in the nose and sinuses swell, and then they settle back to normal after a good cry. If the sadness is there, but never expressed through tears, then the mucous membranes remain inflamed, quite often leading to catarrh, sinusitis, hay fever, or a tendency to frequent colds.
It is there fore important as adults we would like to avoid our children having problems in the future, they are encourage to be open and free so that they can thrive as teenagers and young adults.
Knowing how to relax is an effective way to combat stress. If you would like to explore this further pop over click here.